Area characterisation

The area is 814.39 km2 of marine protected area in Madagascar.


The project aims to establish a long-term mangrove payment for ecosystem services scheme to reduce deforestation and degradation, and restore mangroves in the Bay of Assassins in Madagascar.


  • Mangrove reforestation by communities
  • Participatory monitoring and mapping for management
  • Participatory Forest Management plan

Potential impacts/benefits

  • Social development: have helped develop local infrastructure and alternative livelihoods, by providing additional income to the local community
  • Environmental impact: have improved the conservation of 1,300 ha mangrove ecosystem and their biodiversity
  • Governance: have strenghtened the community capacity in managing a Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA)
  • Women's empowerment: have supported women's involvement in the governance of natural resources - both mangrove and fisheries activities. 

NBS benefits

  • Developing climate change adaptation; improving risk management and resilience
  • Better protection and restoration of coastal ecosystems
  • Reduce flood risk
  • Developing climate change mitigation
  • Restoring ecosystems and their functions
  • Increase achievements of biodiversity targets
  • Increase quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
  • Increased cultural richness and biodiversity
  • Social inclusion
  • Sustainable development of coastal regions

Lessons learned

  • Best time for mangrove replanting should be decided with community members
  • Promoting a voluntary mangrove reforestation is key to ensure that it can be continued without external financial support
  • The dissemination of the results of the monitoring helps the community to understand the state of their resources and the amount of carbon stocks in their mangrove forest

Further information:

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