Co-production is a novel governance method for developing nature-based solutions where there are a lot of actors (individuals, groups or organisations) involved. Co-production is about collaboration, empowerment and producing shared results, such as policies and visions.
This guidebook introduces what co-production is.
The guidebook covers:
- The outputs and benefits of co-production
- Principles to define and evaluate co-production processes
- How to design co-production processes step by step
The Sarajevo Process
The Sarajevo Process (Pilot) is a co-creative arts-based engagement approach that has been developed by Connecting Nature partners in Trinity College Dublin and University of East London, in collaboration with cities. The process draws on our memories, places us in nature and captures our embodied experiences to help us tell our stories with/in nature.
The unusual suspectS
Connecting Nature aims to engage widely with citizens and stakeholders in the co-creation, co-production and co-management of large-scale nature-based solutions in our cities. Achieving this idealistic ambition is proving more challenging to practice than to preach! In practice, we have come across many roadblocks and barriers to engagement in the 11 cities directly involved in planning large scale nature-based solutions through Connecting Nature.
For more information on co-production approaches and tools, visit:
- The European Union Interreg project MUSIC (Mitigation in Urban Areas: Solutions for Innovative Cities): https://drift.eur.nl/projects/music/, the tools are in the guidance manual, see Roorda et al. 2014: https://drift.eur.nl/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/DRIFT-Transition_management_in_the_urban_context-guidance_manual.pdf
- Bound and Mulgan (2019), tools are in the compendium: https://www.nesta.org.uk/report/compendium-innovation-methods/
- The collective action toolkit for social impact: https://www.frogdesign.com/work/frog-collective-action-toolkit