Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) can be a powerful tool for cities dealing with the contemporary sustainability challenges including degradation of natural capital and ecosystem services, vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters, as well as corresponding health and wellbeing issues. NBS have potential to boost local economies and create business opportunities. However, many public
authorities still report difficulties in using public procurement to implement NBS projects. This report provides an overview of the major challenges facing NBS procurers in the EU, along with case studies of success in addressing those barriers across nine European cities. The findings may help other public authorities adapt their procurement processes to procure NBS more effectively.